International Journal of Learning spaces Studies <p><strong><em>The International Journal of Learning Spaces Studies</em></strong> (<strong>IJLSS</strong>) (ISSN: 2980-8995) is an academic, peer-reviewed, open-access journal published quarterly that is being published by Ayande Amoozan -e- ATA (<a href=""><strong>AAA</strong></a>). The journal aims to provide an international forum for researchers and practitioners publishing original and insightful articles. It encompasses a wide range of educational scopes including educational technology, technical and vocational education, innovations in education, language studies, instructional technology, student and residential life, web-based teaching and learning, digital curriculum, computer-assisted learning and assessment, computer-mediated communications, collaborative learning, distributed learning environments, sports education, interactive multimedia systems, education by simulations and games, virtual reality based learning systems, outdoor education, and medical education.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Journal Information:</strong></p> <p><strong>Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs):</strong> All intellectual property rights of the articles belong to the author.<br />This publication is subject to the rules of the <strong>Ethics Committee for Publication (COPE)</strong> and follows the executive regulations of the Law on Prevention and Combating Fraud in Scientific Works.<br /><strong>Type of publishable articles</strong>: Scientific research articles<br /><strong>Release Sequence</strong>: Quarterly<br /><strong>Average article review time</strong>: 8-10 weeks<br /><strong>Plagiarism:</strong> iThenticate is used to prevent plagiarism.<br /><strong>Access to articles:</strong> Free<br />If the article has a sponsor or provider of research credibility, it is mandatory to be included by the author.<br /><strong>Country of Publication:</strong> Iran<br /><strong>Publisher:</strong> Ayande Amoozan -e-ATA Company<br /><strong>Specialty:</strong> Educational Technology and related areas.<br /><strong>Release Start:</strong> Winter, 2023<br /><strong>Article review and acceptance fee:</strong> Free<br /><strong>Type of review:</strong> Double-blinded peer review (2 reviewers)<br /><strong>Publish Fee:</strong> Free<br /><strong>Initial review period:</strong> one week<br /><strong>Format:</strong> Electronic<br /><strong>Electronic ISSN:</strong> 2980-8995</p> en-US <p>The <em>International </em> <em>Journal</em> of Learning Spaces publish open access articles under the <em>terms</em> of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) <em>License.</em></p> (Dr. Mila Malekolkalami) (Dr. Mila Malekolkalami) Sat, 17 Jun 2023 10:36:56 -0400 OJS 60 Investigating the effect of the level of financial education of managers on financial reporting <p>The purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of the level of financial education of managers on the financial reporting of companies admitted to the Tehran Stock Exchange. In this research, the variables of accruals and profit smoothing were used as dimensions of financial reporting. The level of financial education of managers has also been used as an independent variable. In general, there are 494 member companies of the stock exchange, based on the conditions of the research, 144 companies were selected using screening. Data collected using Tadbir software were analyzed by EVIEWS 7 software. Based on the obtained results, it was shown that the level of financial education of managers has an inverse and significant effect on the quality of accruals and profit stability. This conflict between theory and reality in the Iranian market can be justified through the instability of economic conditions. Because in the conditions of instability, the ability of managers to estimate and judge in relation to factors related to future conditions, such as accruals, is greatly reduced.</p> Tina Malekolkalami Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Learning spaces Studies Sat, 17 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 Improving math performance using the Written Think-Aloud strategy <p>Abstract</p> <p>Introduction: Written Think-Aloud strategy, which is rooted in the think-aloud strategy, gives students mental order and helps teachers explore thought processes; specifically, these methods are useful to study test response processes and map cognitive models of complex thought processes. The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of Writing mathematical thoughts and arguments in non-mathematical and non-formulaic language improved elementary students' mathematical performance.&nbsp;</p> <p>Method: The statistical population of the present study included the fifth-grade students of elementary school (n=60). The statistical sample was 32 students (control group (n=16) and experimental group (n=16)), who were selected by available sampling method. A pre-test-post-test design with a control group was used for the implementation of the present study.&nbsp;</p> <p>Result: The results of t-test and Mann-Whitney U test indicated that the difference in the average scores of students in the control and experimental groups is significant (p 0. 032). This research also indicated that the use of written think-aloud strategy in students' math assessment led to students' success in solving math problems.&nbsp;</p> <p>Discussion: This research showed that the use of the Written Think-Aloud strategy in the math assessment of students affected their math success. This success in solving math problems can be related to creating mental order and focusing more on the task and finally strengthening self-regulation skills, which is a necessary condition for achieving any kind of success. It also provides the basis for receiving quick and timely feedback improves the thinking process and leads to success in solving problems.&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Written Think-Aloud, Strategy, Assessment, Mathematic Achievement.&nbsp;</p> Rezvan Nazari, Javad Hatami Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Learning spaces Studies Sat, 17 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 Identifying the knowledge and training components of sports brokerage in Iranian football <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>Purpose: The purpose of the research was to identify the knowledge components of sports brokerage in Iranian football. Considering the importance of football in the society, the knowledge and training of sports agency in Iranian football is necessary.</p> <p>Methodology: The qualitative method of content analysis has been used in this research. This research is exploratory because it expands the knowledge and training of sports brokerage for the first time. Considering that football managers benefit from the acquired knowledge, it is practical. , presidents and secretaries of current and former football federations, sports brokers, faculty members with simultaneous expertise in marketing and football, and senior sports managers of the country. With the targeted method, 10 people were considered as samples. In this research, the effective factors have been identified using content analysis theory. Coding of interview texts in MAXQDA software has been done by presenting research interview questions and interviewees' categories tables.</p> <p>Findings: Based on the theme analysis, 9 constructive themes were identified. These 9 constructive themes are sports management, political development, economic development, cultural development, sports diplomacy, software infrastructure development, hardware factors and supporting resources, brokerage knowledge, media interactions.</p> <p>Conclusion: This research helps to understand the increasingly important relationship between players and brokers. Based on the results obtained, it is suggested that if associations and/or players' unions want to prevent possible injury to players by their agents, it seems advisable to intensify and support information and awareness campaigns or to adopt new rules that market Adjust players' brokers more precisely.</p> Alifatah Sahraie, Mohammad Rasool Khodadadi, Fatemeh Abdavi Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Learning spaces Studies Sat, 17 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 Identifying factors affecting sustainable rural tourism with the approach of social capital education <p>The aim of the research was to identify the effective factors on sustainable rural tourism with the approach of social capital education. In the first step, the most important rural tourism criteria have been identified based on social capital education. For this purpose, it will be used to study theoretical foundations and research literature on rural tourism and social capital. Also, after collecting the primary indicators, the views of the professors and experts are used to validate and ensure the correctness of the selected indicators. The sample population was 10 managers of cultural heritage and tourism organization. FANP fuzzy network analysis method was used to ensure the correctness of the identified indicators and screening and statistics of the final indicators and including risk factors. The most important main criteria of the present study are: rural tourism capabilities, rural tourism strategies based on education, government macro-plans and policies, social capital education solutions and improving the performance of rural tourism. Based on the obtained results, the new circle of global development in the current era is witnessing a wide competition based on innovation to obtain scarce and limited resources, which guarantees the path of long-term and sustainable development of the society. Creating a competitive advantage requires that its occurrence creates significant qualitative changes. There are different types of innovations, including technological, economic, commercial, etc., which are effective in meeting the needs and creating human welfare based on the components of social capital education. However, many needs are not met. From the point of view of various experts, one of the ways to meet the needs is a kind of synchronization with changes in all fields, which is all-round innovation based on rural tourism indicators and moving towards sustainable development.</p> Zahra mashayekh, Amir kazemi, Hamid mahmoudian, Hasan soltani Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Learning spaces Studies Sat, 17 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 The effect of teaching social problem solving skills on academic resilience and self-control of fifth grade students in Shiraz <p>The purpose of this research was the effect of teaching social problem solving skills on academic resilience and self-control of fifth grade students in Shiraz city. Therefore, in terms of its purpose, it is considered an applied research; Because this research was conducted based on the data obtained from a certain statistical population of the fifth grade students of primary school in Shiraz city and the results obtained in it can help the decision making of school administrators and that is why it is under applied research. On the other hand, in the current research, a field approach and questionnaire distribution among the members of the statistical sample is used to collect data. From the relevant formulas, the number of samples in each group was calculated to be 22; Therefore, out of 44 people participating in the study, 22 people from the control group and 22 people from the experimental group were separated in order to prevent the exchange of information. In order to analyze the hypotheses, the analysis of covariance method was used. Based on the obtained results, problem solving skills training has had a significant effect on academic resilience in the post-test results of fifth grade students' resilience variable. Also, teaching problem solving skills has had a significant effect on students' self-control in the post-test results of the fifth grade students' self-control variable.</p> Roya Sajedi, Saeed Farsi Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Learning spaces Studies Sat, 17 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 Factors affecting health, safety and environmental risk literacy promotion model <p>Background and purpose: The aim of the research is the effective factors on the health, safety and environment (HSE) risk literacy promotion model. Organizations cannot function without healthy and safe employees. Health literacy deals with the issue of whether a person meets the complex requirements of promoting and maintaining health in modern society.</p> <p>Research method: the researcher has analyzed the results and findings of previous researchers by applying a systematic and meta synthesis approach and by performing the 7 steps of the Sandelovski and Barroso method, he has identified the effective factors. Among 556 articles, 55 articles were selected based on the CASP method, and the validity of the analysis was confirmed with the Kappa coefficient value of 0.711. In this context, in order to measure reliability and quality control, the transcription method was used, and its value was identified for the indicators identified at the level of excellent agreement. The results of data analysis collected in MAXQDA software led to the identification of 84 primary codes in 16 categories in 5 dimensions.</p> <p>Findings: Finally, five dimensions of planning, concepts of literacy development, implementation of education, evaluation and revision were identified as influencing dimensions of health, safety and environmental risk literacy.</p> <p>Conclusion: Organizations can focus on these factors in order to improve the literacy of HSE risks as one of the preventive and improving decision-making factors among their employees. What can be inferred from the categories and dimensions is the impossibility of balanced and proportional promotion of HSE risk literacy in an organization by one person and one department and even the organization itself alone. Improving the literacy of HSE risks requires the attention and assistance of extra-organizational, organizational and individual factors.</p> Ahmad Yari, Seyyed Mohammad Shobeiri, Mahdieh Rezaei, Alireza Hamidieh Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Learning spaces Studies Sat, 17 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400